We are all aware that food and agriculture are at the heart of our civilization. Over the last few years, we have seen a rapid increase with regard to organic farming.
Organic farming has many positive factors, which increase its appeal. These positive factors include, reducing harm to both ourselves, as well as the world. This may be done as a result of organic farmers, not making use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, which cause harm by polluting the air, water and soil. However, although there are many positive features which contribute towards the appeal of organic agriculture, there are also negative features, which one needs to take into account. One of the negative issues with regard to organic agriculture is the higher food prices. This is as a result of the expense of the farming input costs, because they need to receive organic certification. One also needs to take into account, the controversial debate as to whether or not; organic farming will be able to produce enough crops and harvest, in order to maintain the required food supply to feed everyone, or whether it will leave many people starving and destitute. This has been argued by many, and as of yet, no one has been able to present enough stable evidence to prove their side of the argument. As a result of organic farmers not being able to use synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, they therefore depend solely on making their own fertilizers. This is achieved by growing substances to use as fertilizers, which inevitably results in land and water consumption. Studies have also proven that farmers, who begin farming organic agriculture in previously conventional farmlands, often have a low producing harvest for the first few seasons, as it takes a great deal of time for the soil to recover from the harsh chemicals.
One needs to keep in mind that organic farming was the original practice of farming that was used for thousands of years, before man created chemicals to enhance their crops. As we are all aware, all farming depends primarily on a few necessities such as sunlight, water and soil. However, the difference between organic farming and conventional farming refers to the fertilization process. The fertility process for organic farming includes, decomposed plant and animal matter, which is crucial to the soil fertility and ultimately the fundamental goal of organic practice. Organic farming methods are also internationally regulated, in order to abide by certain acceptable standards. On the other hand, conventional farming relies on synthetic pesticides and fertilizer, which are made use of during the fertility process. Looking at the fertility process as a whole, the process difference between organic and conventional farming, does not only refer to the method of how things are done, but also the effects that the different methods have on both humans as well as the ecology
Another factor that comes into play with regard to organic farming is the profit margins. Organic farming eliminates the costs of synthetic fertilizer and pesticide inputs, along with the higher prices that consumers charged for organic produce, contribute to the increased profits for farmers and retailers. Organic farms have been consistently found to be as or more profitable than conventional farming.
What needs to be considered are the long-tern effects that the pesticides, fertilizers and chemicals cause, not only to humans, but also the negative consequences it impacts has on the environment and the eco-system as a whole. Although the cheaper production of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, results in cheaper food prices in the short run, one needs to consider the long-term harm that these chemicals cause on a global scale.